Wales is actually a country, this is something that not many people are aware of but in actual fact it is situated in the United Kingdom, bordered by a range of different countries – yes, countries! You will find it surrounded by England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and also Southern Ireland. It is land bound to the east, but to the west lays the Irish Sea and particularly the British channel too. In recent years the population of Wales has grown dramatically and currently it has a population of over 4,000,000 people too. In terms of land area that it covers, well, this has changed considerably over the years and currently it owns over 20 thousand square kilometers of mainly mountainous and large swathes of grassland too. The majority of the mountains in Wales are located in the northern regions, including Snowdonia, however there is a range of mountain ranges located throughout the country.


The Welsh Nationality actually originated in the 1500’s and it came through under Celtic rule following the years of the Romans in early Britain in the fifth century. As a result there has been a very rich heritage in Wales ever since and was at one time considered one of the World’s major powers when under rule of England. By the time that the Industrial Revolution occured in the 1900’s Wales saw considerable growth of its economy due to the large scale mining communities within it. With two thirds living in the Southern half of the country, centred upon the capital city – Cardiff, Swansea and also Newport too. The remainder of the population typically lives on the border with England, near Livepool and Manchester, or in the Northern valleys. It is particularly desolate in the Winter months, with temperatures reaching as low as -20 degrees in recent years, however in the Summer people can expect temperatures in Wales to rise into the early 30 degree – whilst also being particularly humid too.
Wales shares much of its heritage with England and there are still a large number of communities in Wales that speak Welsh as their firtst language. The majority of the country also speak English too and there is free access to travel throughout the entirity of the United Kingdom due to its membership within the UK. In fact, there are no blocks on the roads to permit entry from Wales to England, nor is there any when utilising a ferry to cross the border to Northern Ireland either. This has benefitted Wales considerably over the years and the population has grown accordingly.